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Correlation of the high and very high cycle fatigue response of ferrite based steels with strain rate-temperature conditions

N. Torabian, V. Favier, J. Dirrenberger, F. Adamski, S. Ziaei-Rad and N. Ranc

Acta Materialia, Volume 134, May 2017, Pages 40-52



The discrepancies observed between conventional and ultrasonic fatigue testing are assessed through the mechanisms of dislocation mobility in BCC metals. The existence of a transition condition between thermally-activated and athermal regimes for screw dislocation mobility is studied under fatigue loading based on infrared thermography and microstructural characterization, here in the case of DP600 dual-phase steel. Evidence is obtained regarding the microstructural sources of crack initiation, which is found to be consistent with the existence of a transition in the modes of deformation. From the analysis of the experimental data gathered in this work, guidelines are given regarding the comparison and interpretation of S-N curves obtained from conventional and ultrasonic fatigue testing. The inevitable temperature increases under ultrasonic fatigue at high stress amplitudes along with the rate dependent deformation behavior of ferrite, as a BCC structure, were found as the key parameters explaining the observed fatigue behavior and thermal response under low and ultrasonic frequencies. A transition map was produced using the experimental results for DP600 steel as well as data available in the literature for other ferrite based steels, showing the correlation between thermally-activated screw dislocation movement and the absence of failure in very high cycle fatigue.



A. Very high cycle fatigue; B. Frequency effect; C. Dual-phase steel; D. Strain rate sensitivity; E. Thermally activated processes


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