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Thermoelastic modeling of rotor response during shaft/seal rub

S. Ziaei-Rad, E. Koucheki, M. Imregun

Journal of Applied Mechanics Volume 77, Issue 6, 061010, November 2010



This paper studies the effects of shaft rub on a rotating system’s vibration response with emphasis on heat generation at the contact point. A 3D heat transfer code, coupled to a 3D vibration code, was developed to predict the dynamic response of a rotor in the time domain. The shaft bow is represented by an equivalent bending moment and the contact forces by rotating external forces. The seal ring is modeled as a linear spring, which exerts a normal force to the rotor. The tangential force is then calculated as the product of the normal force with the friction coefficient. Stable or unstable spiraling and oscillating modes were seen to occur in well defined shaft speed zones. In the main, for the configurations studied, the shaft vibration was found to be unstable for speeds below the first critical speed and stable for speeds above the first critical speed. Limit cycle behavior was observed when the phase angle between the unbalance force and the response was around 90 deg. The vibration behavior with rub during startup and shutdown was studied by considering the effects of acceleration/deceleration rate, friction coefficient, and mass unbalance. It was found that friction coefficient and increasing mass unbalance amplified the rub effects while acceleration/deceleration rate reduced it.



Shaft/seal rub, coupled analysis for heat transfer and vibration, thermal, bending moment, rub at startup and shutdown


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